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IMMUNIS COLUMBIA 1783 Enlightened Coin

April 11, 2011









Shown in this Gold coin, in 1785, the Nova Constellatio’s reverse changed to the American name of the Goddess of Liberty, Columbia. Columbia is on a pedestal and is balancing the scales of justice in her left hand. In her right hand is a staff bearing an American Flag with a Freedom Cap at the top. The coin was called IMMUNIS COLUMBIA. America’s classically educated intellectuals were under the influence of the European enlightenment. And the Americans out-did the Europeans at the enlightenment business of liberty, diversity, and humanism. Slower but surer the Americans gambled on the future with new ideas for the future of government organization and of the liberties of man. Filtered by the Atlantic, the best ideas of the enlightenment thrived in American intellectual and political circles in the second half of the eighteenth century. America would not have to worry about the anti-enlightenment reactionaries and tyrants of France that turned the French Enlightenment into a bloody nightmare. Between the rights of man, influenced by Paine and Jefferson, to the Guillotine, the French Enlightenment abandoned enlightenment principles for revenge by a totalitarian regime. In enlightenment North America, where most were unchurched, religion had respect with its enlightenment deism. Deism honored the Almighty, revered Providence, pretended no ear to the voices of the heavens, and rejected the tales and demands of traditional religions and their organizations as superstition and coercion. The Americans were anything but evangelical as a majority. Only New England was deeply conservative about church and state alliances and would fight to keep their state churches while also joining the fight to be free of Britain. That matter would have to wait until the early 19th century when Massachusetts and then Connecticut finally banned their state church establishments. 

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